Home

Add to Favorites

Cheating at the Paralympics

All Humans are Cheaters at Heart
Lindsay Starke

At the 2000 Paralympic Games in Sydney, the Spanish team handily beat the Russians in the final of the basketball tournament for the intellectually disabled. Spaniards rejoiced in their proud, inspiring gold medal winners. That is, until one of the team's members (a journalist) disclosed that he and other members had never been tested for disability. An inquiry followed. In a shocking reveal, fully 10 of the 12 Spanish basketball players were found to have no intellectual disability at all. Spain’s medal was revoked, and the intellectual disability category was suspended from the games for eight years as more allegations of cheating arose. In 2012, athletes with intellectual disability finally returned to the Paralympics in London under more stringently monitored criteria.

Before the scandal, few had considered that people might fake a disability in order to compete in the Paralympics. Yet even sporting events for the physically disabled have had their cheating scandals. A Dutch “paraplegic” handbiker who won two silver medals in 2008 recently admitted that she could, in fact, stand and walk at the time of her win. And in 2006, a Russian skier who was competing in the visually impaired category outed her ability to see when she cheered at seeing her name on the scoreboard. Paralympic Games officials have employed medical investigators to root out cheaters, and it seems the world has a small but dedicated minority of people who will fake handicaps in order to gain Paralympic gold.

It's easy to understand why a professional baseball player might take performance-enhancing drugs—being a better player would likely make him more money. The college-bound student who sneaks a peek at a neighbor's test seems equally sensible, if unethical—she hopes that better scores would get her into a better university that will provide more resources for her future. The urge to cheat at cards or your taxes makes some sort of intuitive sense to most of us, even if we wouldn't do it ourselves. But why on earth would anyone feign disability for a medal—seemingly lots of risk for relatively little gain?

The answer lies in our evolutionary past. Most people are hardwired to cheat a little bit, while a few of us are willing to cheat a lot. We are  also born with a deep desire to prove ourselves as winners and to reap the economic and sexual benefits of being on top. There is a lot of competition for those benefits and anything we can do to improve our odds, like cutting a few corners or taking a shortcut, might seem like a good idea. However, fear of being looked down upon, shamed, or excluded by our social group keeps most people from cheating. After all, the energy saved with a little creative rule-breaking would nowhere near make up for the loss of social standing that would result.

As social animals, humans are renowned for our qualities of cooperation and altruism. We could only develop our cooperative behavior if most people (and institutions) obeyed the social contract. At the same time, everyone would like to get something for nothing, so there will always be pressure to cheat. In order to deal with that inevitable pressure, societies have developed plenty of ways to ferret out cheaters. Journalists and economists examine statistics, looking for unusual streaks of luck in order to discover cheating teachers and athletes. The IRS audits questionable tax returns to catch fraudsters, and both sides of the political spectrum fight over how best to make sure everything's above board at the ballot box.
 

Sumo wrestlers cheat. Race car drivers cheat. Baseball players cheat. Ancient Olympians cheated. Contemporary Olympians cheat. Fixing matches, sharing information, taking drugs, taking bribes, using illegal equipment—all these shenanigans have been a part of sports ever since sports have been a part of human life. Whenever and wherever we don't continuously monitor for cheating, it will occur. That's why the Paralympics cheaters should come as anything but a surprise. The idea that a Paralympic medal isn't "worth" cheating for says less about the cheaters and more about the unspoken prejudice many of us have about disability. Paralympians, like all humans, will cheat.

 

Have you ever cheated?

 

photo by Stuart Grout

 

 

Humor Man King
3 years ago

Depuis un demi-siècle, TAG Heuer chronomètre Mikrograph été en hausse de 25 et 50 Hz de fréquence calendrier de mouvement à grande vitesse. TAG Heuer CARRERA Mikrograph parties dual-core, 1/100 de 62 bijoux et 396 trash de votre seconde horloge de synchronisation est une autre initiative, la haute "replique montres" pour créer une copie de montres Breitling complexe dispose d'une nouvelle étape.
 

mandy yahaloms
3 years ago

Sports must be a win game. Any suspicion for cheating or setting up the results before hand must ne dealth with the most serious measures! What is being told here is very disturbing.... Especially if ilegal medicine was used

Answering your question... I have cheated.. but not on the expense of other people...You
 

Erik Baynes
3 years ago

When you think about the Olympic Games in Sydney does not have a lot of associations that jump immediately from the head and there is a lot of memories that we pull out easily. Not everyone remembers elite athletes so they walked in the Olympic Village. Athletes such as Maurice Greene, Michael Johnson, Jonathan Edwards, Ian Thorpe, Pieter van den Hoogenband, Alexander Popov. Not many remember where Michael Phelps value his debut, 15-year-old skinny boy then eight days before the London Olympics, and the german shepphards which ran on running track, the it's just time to remember what the Olympic Games held in Australia at the end of the world was one of the largest in history. Sydney 2000 Olympics Tihrt win one shining not only because of the spectacular scenery, not only because of the breathtaking personal stories, not just because of the great athletes, but also and especially because of the fact that one of the few time in history - and a majority supported the minority Incorporated. White majority with black Aboriginal minority.

 

mandy yahaloms
3 years ago

You can read mt article about the olympics here

mandy yahaloms
3 years ago

Honesty is above all in sports. You can read my story here.

peter parker
3 years ago

How can someone cheat at Paralympics! Such a shame for the nation! I am happy to see their joy was only short lived. When you achive something by fruad you have to live with the fear of losing it all your life, but when you earn it you can really enjoy it.

bee suits

lili ana
3 years ago

I downloaded MXF Converter  free trial version last week, and I converted many MXF videos for playing on QuickTime. This software is good at converting any HD MXF, MTS, TOD, MP4 to MOV videos. With this perfect MXF converter for mac software, you can convert MXF to H.264 MOV for QuickTime, convert MXF to AIC MOV for editing in iMovie, convert MXF files to ProRes MOV for FCP X importing.

Super man
3 years ago

TAG Heuer chronomètre Mikrograph été en hausse de 25 et 50 Hz de fréquence calendrier...

navigate here

 

Muhammad Danial
3 years ago

That is to say, you don't have to be religious, racist, or a dyed-in-the-wool Democrat to have your beliefs bias how you see the world; we all are biased by the beliefs we hold. Jody Kriss

Super man
3 years ago

That's why the Paralympics cheaters should come as anything but a surprise. The idea that a Paralympic medal isn't "worth" cheating for says less about the cheaters and more about the unspoken prejudice many of us have about disability. Paralympians, like all humans, will cheat....

 

Read This

 

chhjcbdhs iohh80p9jvs
3 years ago

In the Court of Appeal, Nadeau-Dubois argued that he was not aware of the injunction which had been issued at the request of Jean-François Morasse and she had not been served. He added that, in any event, he was protected by the provisions of the Charter of Rights on freedom of expression 

xbox 360 emulator

 

sam disuza
3 years ago

ohh very sad , this is not good in terms of reading ... poker hands to know gambling basics and free play roulette

mas ion
3 years ago

These news are really great and I am so glad finding it in your site. As I see this blog is full of such valuable information like this publication so I will definitely bookmark it. Thanks again for informing us.
Greetings from Sbobet | Ibcbet | Agen Bola
Agen Ibcbet | Agen Bola Terpercaya | agen poker | dewa poker

EMRE ELPARS
2 years ago

Antalya Lara car rental   small size of your this vehicle driving in this city  , though ideal for this talented Kia  's versatile enough to handle any setting. Country residents, dual-zone climate control, such as extra and cooled driver's seat  for causing  the increased cargo space when a constant breeze and the sharp handling will appreciate. Dark country roads are also driving down easier if the  car's movements with the help of advanced projection headlights following the Kia does not upset the user by providing light where you need it most.